Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

Posted on October 7, 2019 at 1:19 pm

CBT is an evidence-based psychological talking therapy to help with feelings through changing the way individuals think and behave. It is commonly used to treat mental health difficulties such as low mood and/or anxiety, however it can be used to treat a number of other disorders as below.

Difficulties/disorders that are helped by CBT

  • Anxiety Disorders such as panic disorder, generalised anxiety, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Depression
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Eating Disorders
  • Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Pain Disorders
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome


It is used for children, young adults and adults.

How does CBT work?

CBT helps with breaking down vicious issues to smaller positive steps, and addressing through cognitive and behavioural techniques such as challenging core beliefs, dysfunctional assumptions negative automatic thoughts (Beck, 1976), progressive muscle relaxation, activity scheduling etc.

What happens in a CBT session?

The CBT therapist will initially undertake a CBT assessment to determine the suitability of CBT for the patient. If suitable, the sessions are usually 50 minutes long at weekly or fortnightly intervals. The course is generally 5 to 15, with regular reviews.

How can you access CBT?

These can be accessed via your GP or self-referrals through your local NHS psychological services such as IAPT (Improving access to Psychological Therapies)or other organisation such as MIND. This may also be offered to you if you are under specialist mental health services. This can also be accessed privately if you feel this is something that could be beneficial to address your symptoms and/or quality of life.

Some more information on